The Second World War has a particular resonance in Lebanon, where the confrontation between two the Frances took place: the France of Vichy opposing the Free France, widely supported by the Allies. The Lebanese Gendarmerie, created by the French Mandate, finally saw Vichy’s supervision replaced by that of the Free French Forces. This new authority was however strongly undermined by the cumbersome British presence on Lebanese territory. How did the Lebanese Gendarmes continue to fulfil their mission of maintaining public order in this complicated context? What was their role when Independence was declared? The study of a collection of French military archives sketches this history, one of factional warfare, conflicts of loyalty, and the yearning for Independence.